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Shanghai
上海
Background
Locale Shanghai
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 11 (MRT); 1 (Regional); 1 (Maglev)
Number of stations 243 (MRT); 9 (Regional); 2 (Maglev)
Technical
System length MRT - 424.8 km (263.96 mi)
Suburban - 56.4 km (35.05 mi)
Maglev - 33.0 km (20.51 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

Shanghai, rapid transit system incorporates both subway (地铁) and light metro (轻轨) lines. It opened in 1995, making Shanghai the third city in Mainland China, after Beijing and Tianjin, to have a rapid transit system. Since then, the Shanghai Metro has become one of the fastest-growing rapid transit systems in the world.

As of 2012, there are 11 MRT lines, 1 Maglev line and 1 regional line, 279 stations[note 1] and over 434 kilometres (270 mi) of tracks in operation,[2] the longest network in the world.[3] The Shanghai Metro delivered 2.101 billion rides in 2011,[4] the fifth busiest in the world. It set a daily ridership record of 7.548 million on 22 October 2010. The system continues to grow, with new lines and extensions of old lines currently under construction.

LinesEdit

Line
Terminals
Year Opened
Total Length
in km
№ of Stations
Shanghai logo Mass Rapid Transit
 Line 1  Fujin Rd Xinzhuang 1995 36.4 28
 Line 2  East Xujing Pudong Int. Airport 1999 63.8 30
 Line 3  N. Jiangyang Rd Shanghai S. Sta. 2000 40.3 29
 Line 4  loop line starts @ Yishan Rd 2005 33.7 26
 Line 5  Xinzhuang Minhang Dev. Zone 2003 17.2 11
 Line 6  Gangcheng Rd Oriental Sports Center 2007 32.3 28
 Line 7  Meilan Lake Huamu Rd 2009 44.2 32
 Line 8  Shiguang Rd Aerospace Museum 2007 37.4 30
 Line 9  Songjiang Xincheng M. Yanggao Rd 2007 45.2 23
 Line 10  Xinjiangwancheng Hongqiao Sta. / Hangzhong Rd 2010 35.4 31
 Line 11  North Jiading / Anting Jiangsu Rd 2009 45.8 20
China Railway High-speed logo Regional Rail
 Line 22  Shanghai S. Sta. Jinshanwei 2012 56.4 9
Shanghai Maglev logo Maglev
 Maglev  Longyang Rd Pudong Int. Airport 2002 33.0 2

MapEdit

Shanghai map

NotesEdit

  1. 279 is the number of stations if interchanges on different lines are counted separately, with the exception of the 9 stations shared by Lines 3 and 4 on the same tracks. If all interchanges are counted as single stations, the number of stations will be 243.[1] The two stations on the Maglev Line are not counted in both cases.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Shanghai Metro". Explore Shanghai "Metropedia". http://www.exploreshanghai.com/metro/pedia/. Retrieved 7 July 2010. 
  2. "City's latest subway hits tracks tomorrow". Shanghai Daily. 9 April 2010. http://www.shanghaidaily.com/article/?id=433681&type=Metro. Retrieved 10 April 2010. 
  3. David Barboza (29 April 2010). "Expo Offers Shanghai a New Turn in the Spotlight". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/30/world/asia/30shanghai.html. Retrieved 29 April 2010. 
  4. "2011年上海市国民经济和社会发展统计公报". Shanghai Bureau of Statistics and Shanghai Survey Corps, National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2012-02-23. http://www.stats-sh.gov.cn/sjfb/201202/239488.html. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 

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